Louis-Auguste & Auguste-Rosalie Bisson (Bisson Frères) (French, 1814-1876 & 1826-1900)
Miter of St. Louis, Bishop of Toulouse, 1850s
Albumen print from a collodion negative
34.3 x 24.1 cm mounted on 57.0 x 40.1 cm paper
Printed "BISSON FRÈRES PHOTOG." on mount
St. Louis of Toulouse (1274-1297) was born in Brignoles, Provence, the second son of Charles II d'Anjou, King of Naples. When his older brother died in 1295, Louis became heir to his father's secular titles, but he gave up all claims to his royal inheritance in favor of his brother, Robert of Anjou. Louis took the Franciscan vows and pursued a life of poverty and chastity. He was consecrated Bishop of Toulouse in 1297. The same year, at the age of 23, he died. His canonization took place in 1317. Relics of the saint are preserved in the church of Saint-Sauveur at Brignoles, including the miter reproduced in this photograph.